Simultaneous characterization of perfluoroalkyl carboxylate, sulfonate, and sulfonamide isomers by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Benskin, JP; Bataineh, M; Martin, JW
2007 | Anal. Chem. | 79 (17) (6455-6464)
acids , atmospheric chemistry , biotransformation , contaminants , fluorotelomer alcohols , food-web , human blood , liver-microsomes , perfluorooctane sulfonate , serum

A comprehensive method was developed to simultaneously separate and detect perfluorinated acid (PFA) and PFA-precursor isomers using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). A linear perfluorooctyl stationary phase and acidified mobile phase increased separation efficiency, relative to alkyl stationary phases, for the many perfluoroalkyl carboxylate (PFCA), perfluoroalkyl sulfonate (PFSA), and perfluorooctyl sulfonamide (PFOSA) isomers and in combination with their distinct MS/MS transitions allowed full resolution of most isomers in standards. Utilizing the absence of the "9-series" and "0-series" product ions, several perfluorooctane sulfonate (C8F17SO3-, PFOS) isomers were structurally elucidated. In human serum, only perfluorooctane sulfonamide (C8F17SO2NH2, FOSA) and PFOS consisted of significant quantities of branched isomers, whereas PFCAs were predominantly linear. Interferences that coelute with the m/z 499 -> 80 transition of PFOS on alkyl stationary phases were simultaneously separated and identified as taurodeoxycholate isomers, removal of which permitted the use of the more sensitive m/z 80 product ion and a resulting 20-fold decrease in PFOS detection limits compared to the m/z 499 -> 99 transition (0.8 pg versus 20 pg using m/z 80 and 99, respectively). Interferences in human serum which caused a 10-20-fold over-reporting of perfluorohexane sulfonate (C6F13SO3-, PFHxS) concentrations on alkyl stationary phases were also simultaneously separated from linear PFHxS and identified as endogenous steroid sulfates. PFOSA isomers, generated with human microsomes, had different rates of metabolism, suggesting that the perfluoroalkyl branching pattern may affect the biological properties of individual isomers. This fact, and for reasons of improved accuracy and sensitivity, investigators are urged to utilize more efficient separation methods capable of isomer characterization in perfluoroalkyl research.

A Liquid Chromatography / Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method for simultaneous characterization of perfluoroalkyl carboxylate; sulfonate; sulfonamide isomers.

Benskin JP; Bataineh M; Martin JW.
2006 | Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)

SETAC NA Conference | November 29, 2023 | Montreal, QC

Perfluoroalkyl isomer-specific biotransformation rates in vitro esing human CYP isozymes – Does branching matter?

Benskin JP and Martin JW
2006 | Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)

SETAC NA Conference | November 29, 2023 | Montreal, QC

Compositional Effects on Leaching of Stain-Guarded (perfluoroalkyl 2 and Polyfluoroalkyl Substance-Treated) Carpet in Landfill Leachate

Minhee Kim; Loretta Y. Li; John R. Grace; Jonathan P. Benskin; and Michael G. Ikonomou;
1970 | Environ. Sci. Technol.

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