Fostering multidisciplinary research on interactions between chemistry, biology, and physics within the coupled cryosphere-atmosphere system

Thomas, J.L.; Stutz, J.; Frey, M.M.; Bartels-Rausch, T.; Altieri, K.; Baladima, F.; Browse, J.; Dall’Osto, M.; Marelle, L.; Mouginot, J.; Murphy, J.G.; Nomura, D.; Pratt, K.A.; Willis, M.D.; Zieger, P.; Abbatt, J.; Douglas, T.A.; Facchini, M.C.; France, J.; Jones, A.E.; Kim, K.; Matrai, P.A.; McNeill, V.F.; Saiz-Lopez, A.; Shepson, P.; Steiner, N.; Law, K.S.; Arnold, S.R.; Delille, B.; Schmale, J.; Sonke, J.E.; Dommergue, A.; Voisin, D.; Melamed, M.L.; Gier, J.
2019 | Elementa - Science of the Anthropocene | 7 (1)
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The cryosphere, which comprises a large portion of Earth’s surface, is rapidly changing as a consequence of global climate change. Ice, snow, and frozen ground in the polar and alpine regions of the planet are known to directly impact atmospheric composition, which for example is observed in the large influence of ice and snow on polar boundary layer chemistry. Atmospheric inputs to the cryosphere, including aerosols, nutrients, and contaminants, are also changing in the anthropocene thus driving cryosphere-atmosphere feedbacks whose understanding is crucial for understanding future climate. Here, we present the Cryosphere and ATmospheric Chemistry initiative (CATCH) which is focused on developing new multidisciplinary research approaches studying interactions of chemistry, biology, and physics within the coupled cryosphere – atmosphere system and their sensitivity to environmental change. We identify four key science areas: (1) micro-scale processes in snow and ice, (2) the coupled cryosphere-atmosphere system, (3) cryospheric change and feedbacks, and (4) improved decisions and stakeholder engagement. To pursue these goals CATCH will foster an international, multidisciplinary research community, shed light on new research needs, support the acquisition of new knowledge, train the next generation of leading scientists, and establish interactions between the science community and society.

Year-Round In Situ Measurements of Arctic Low-Level Clouds: Microphysical Properties and Their Relationships With Aerosols

Koike, M; Ukita, J; Strom, J; Tunved, P; Shiobara, M; Vitale, V; Lupi, A; Baumgardner, D; Ritter, C; Hermansen, O; Yamada, K; Pedersen, CA
2019 | J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. | 124 (3) (1798-1822)

Multiple-scattering correction factor of quartz filters and the effect of filtering particles mixed in water: implications for analyses of light absorption in snow samples

Svensson, J; Strom, J; Virkkula, A
2019 | Atmos. Meas. Tech. | 12 (11) (5913-5925)

On the seasonal variation in observed size distributions in northern Europe and their changes with decreasing anthropogenic emissions in Europe: climatology and trend analysis based on 17 years of data from Aspvreten, Sweden

Tunved, Peter; Strom, Johan
2019 | Atmos. Chem. Phys. | 19 (23) (14849-14873)

Influence of Organic Acids on the Surface Composition of Sea Spray Aerosol

Isaak Unger; Clara-Magdalena Saak; Matthew Salter; Paul Zieger; Minna Patanen; Olle Björneholm
2019 | JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A (1089-5639)

Recent studies on sea spray aerosol indicate an enrichment of Ca2+ in small particles, which are often thought to originate from the very surface of a water body when bubbles burst. One model to explain this observation is the formation of ion pairs between Ca2+(aq) and surface-active organic species. In this study, we have used X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to probe aqueous salt solutions and artificial sea spray aerosol to study whether ion pairing in the liquid environment also affects the surface composition of dry aerosol. Carboxylic acids were added to the sample solutions to mimic some of the organic compounds present in natural seawater. Our results show that the formation of a core–shell structure governs the surface composition of the aerosol. The core–shell structure contrasts previous observations of the dry sea spray aerosol on substrates. As such, this may indicate that substrates can impact the morphology of the dried aerosol.

Are persistent organic pollutants important in the etiology of feline hyperthyroidism? A review

Jones, B; Engdahl Norrgran, J; Weiss, J
2019 | Acta Vet. Scand. | 61 (1)

Characterization of residential household dust from Shanghai by particle size and analysis of organophosphorus flame retardants and metals

Li, L; Qiu, Y; Gustafsson, Å; Krais, A; Weiss, JM; Lundh, T; Bergman, Å
2019 | Environ Sci Eur | 31 (1) (1-12)

Short-, medium-, and long-chain chlorinated paraffins in South African indoor dust and cat hair

Brits, M; de Boer, J; Rohwer, ER; de Vos, J; Weiss, JM; Brandsma, SH
2019 | Chemosphere | 238

Brominated and organophosphorus flame retardants in South African indoor dust and cat hair

Brits, M; Brandsma, SH; Rohwer, ER; de Vos, J; Weiss, JM; de Boer, J
2019 | Environ. Pollut.

Thyroid disruption properties of three indoor dust chemicals tested in Silurana tropicalis tadpoles

Carlsson, G; Pohl, J; Athanassiadis, I; Norrgren, L; Weiss, J
2019 | J Appl Toxicol | 39 (1248-1256)

Embryotoxicity of ozonated diclofenac, carbamazepine, and oxazepam in zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Pohl, J; Ahrens, L; Carlsson, G; Golovko, O; Norrgren, L; Weiss, J; Örn, S
2019 | Chemosphere | 225 (191-199)

Provningsjämförelse / Proficiency Test 2019-5, Avloppsvatten / Wastewater

2019 | ACES rapport, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University | Report No: 38
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Contact information

Visiting addresses:

Geovetenskapens Hus,
Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm

Arrheniuslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16, Stockholm (Unit for Toxicological Chemistry)

Mailing address:
Department of Environmental Science
Stockholm University
106 91 Stockholm

Press enquiries should be directed to:

Stella Papadopoulou
Science Communicator
Phone +46 (0)8 674 70 11
stella.papadopoulou@aces.su.se