Bestämning av PM10 – En jämförelse av de vanligaste mätmetoderna använda i Sverige och den europeiska referensmetoden

2007 | ITM, SU | ISBN: ISRN SU-ITM-R-125-SE

Comparative health impact assessment of local and regional particulate air pollutants in Scandinavia

Forsberg, B.; Hansson, H.-C.; Johansson, C.; Areskoug, H.; Persson, K.; Järvholm, B.
2005 | Ambio | 34 (1) (11-19)
association , asthma symptoms , background sites , daily mortality , particles , pollution , respiratory symptoms , urban , wood combustion

The ongoing program Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) is an initiative from the EU Commission to establish a coordinated effort to reach better air quality in the EU. The focus is on particulate matter as it has been shown to have large impact on human health. CAFE requested that WHO make a review of the latest findings on air pollutants and health to facilitate assessments of the different air pollutants and their health effects. The WHO review project on health aspects of air pollution in Europe confirmed that exposure to particulate matter (PM), despite the lower levels we face today, still poses a significant risk to human health. Using the recommended uniform risk coefficients for health impact assessment of PM, regardless of sources, premature mortality related to long-range transported anthropogenic particles has been estimated to be about 3500 deaths per year for the Swedish population, corresponding to a reduction in life expectancy of up to about seven months. The influence of local sources is more difficult to estimate due to large uncertainties when linking available risk coefficients to exposure data, but the estimates indicate about 1800 deaths brought forward each year with a life expectancy reduction of about 2-3 months. However, some sectors of the population are exposed to quite high locally induced concentrations and are likely to suffer excessive reductions in life expectancy. Since the literature increasingly supports assumptions that combustion related particles are associated with higher relative risks, further studies may shift the focus for abatement strategies. CAFE sets out to establish a general cost effective abatement strategy for atmospheric particles. Our results, based on studies of background exposure, show that long-range transported sulfate rich particles dominate the health effects of PM in Sweden. The same results would be found for the whole of Scandinavia and many countries influenced by transboundary air pollution. However, several health studies, including epidemiological studies with a finer spatial resolution, indicate that engine exhaust particles are more damaging to health than other particles. These contradictory findings must be understood and source specific risk estimates have to be established by expert bodies, otherwise it will not be possible to find the most cost effective abatement strategy for Europe. We are not happy with today's situation where every strategy to reduce PM concentrations is estimated to have the same impact per unit change in the mass concentration. Obviously there is a striking need to introduce more specific exposure variables and a higher geographical resolution in epidemiology as well as in health impact assessments.

Concentrations and sources of PM10 and PM2.5 in Sweden.

Areskoug, H.; Johansson, C.; Alesand, T.; Hedberg, E.; Ekengren, T.; Vesely, V.; Wideqvist U., & Hansson
2004 | ITM, SU | ISBN: ISRN SU-ITM-R-110-SE
aerosols , pm10 , pm2.5 , sweden

Ozon och luftburna partiklar vid Aspvreten, Vindeln och Vavihill.

Areskoug, H. & Karlsson H.
2004 | ITM, SU | ISBN: ISRN SU-ITM-R-129-SE
aspvreten , ozon , pm10 , pm2.5 , vavihill , vindeln

Kartläggning av inandningsbara partiklar i svenska tätorter och identifikation av de viktigaste källorna.

Areskoug, H.; Alesand, T.; Hansson, H-C.; Hedberg, E.; Johansson, C.; Vesely, V.; Wideqvist, U.; Ekengren, T.
2001 | ITM, SU | ISBN: 1103-341X
mapping , pm10 , pm2.5 , sources , sweden

Ozon och luftburna partiklar vid Aspvreten och Vavihill

Areskoug, H.; Alesand, T. & Karlsson
2001 | ITM, SU | ISBN: ISSN 1103-341X
aspvreten , ozone , pm10 , pm2.5 , trend analysis , vavihill

Particles in ambient air – a health risk assessment.

Areskoug, H.; Camner, P.; Dahlen, S.-E.; Låstbom, L.; Nyberg, F.; Pershagen (editor), G. & Sydbom
2000 | Scand J Work Environ Health | 26
health effects , particles , sources

Surface ozone Monitoring in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine.

Areskoug, H. & Bazhanov
1998 | ITM, SU | ISBN: ISSN 1103-341x

The relationship between ozone, peroxyacetylnitrate and precursors in long range transport of photooxidants to Scandinavia.

Hov, .; Flat y, F.; Krognes, T.; Schmidbauer, N.; Heidam, N.Z.; Manscher, O.H.; Lättilä, H.; Areskoug, H.; Ferm, M. & Lindskog
1997 | Atmos. Environ. | 31 (2853-2869)

Deposition of persistent organic compounds to a coastal site in the south-east of Sweden. Poster.

Wideqvist, U.; Egebäck, A-L.; Alsberg, T.; Areskoug, H. & Vesely
1995

6th Nordic Symposium on Orgnic Pollutants

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Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm

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Stockholm University
106 91 Stockholm

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